Chapter 1. The international situation of Soviet Russia in 1924
1.1. De facto recognition of Soviet Russia
1.2. Recognition of the USSR by England
Chapter 2. "Parade of Confessions" of the USSR
2.1. From de facto recognition to de jure recognition
2.2. From the conflict to the Soviet-German Agreement
2.3 Recognition of the USSR by France
2.4. Conclusion of an agreement with Japan
List of sources used
The relevance of the problems we have chosen lies in the fact that Russia is currently experiencing a stage of tense relations with the West. In recent years, serious international events have taken place, which, taking Russia by the hand, lead it down the road of diplomatic isolation. The West has a negative attitude to Moscow's policy, accusing it of "propaganda", "espionage", "attempts to establish hegemony".
Russian diplomacy is actively fighting false accusations against itself. This is reminiscent of the period of the 1920s, when the foreign policy of the USSR was controversial. At this time, the world powers refused to overthrow the Soviet regime. There was a failure of foreign military intervention. The lifting of the economic blockade and the consolidation of new state borders by a number of agreements provided a respite for Soviet Russia, which was used for economic development (NEP).
In turn, the introduction of NEP in the USSR was regarded by European governments as a weakening of the Bolshevik political system and a factor that opens up the possibility for economic cooperation. After the transition to the NEP, the idea of a world revolution for many Bolshevik leaders faded into the background. Soviet Russia needed the help of the developed capitalist countries to restore the destroyed national economy and prevent further inter-imperialist contradictions. As a result, the task of peaceful construction of the Soviet state was set.
In the 1920s. The Soviet country normalized its international relations, gradually entering the world community. It is significant that this process took place on the terms of the Soviet state, which, on the one hand, refused to pay the debts of the tsarist government, but did not give up the role of the world center of the revolutionary movement – on the other. The resulting ambivalence of Soviet foreign policy meant a real revolution in the norms and rules of international relations.
The chronological framework of the study is chosen for the period of time, starting from 1924 to 1925. The lower limit – 1924-is due to the fact that this year there are the first prerequisites for the recognition of Soviet Russia. The upper limit is 1925, as this year accounts for a number of diplomatic recognitions of the USSR.
The object of the study is the process of diplomatic recognition of the USSR.
The subject of the study is the elimination of the diplomatic isolation of the USSR in 1924-1925.
Objective: to study the problem of eliminating the diplomatic isolation of the USSR.
To achieve this goal, it is necessary to solve the following tasks::
- study the USSR as a diplomatic player;
- to determine the peculiarities of the USSR's position in the international arena;
- consider the problem of diplomatic isolation of the USSR;
- explore the period of recognition of Soviet Russia;
- to assess the activities of the Soviet government;
- make appropriate conclusions on the basis of the analyzed material;
The sources for completing the course work were: "Convention on the Basic Principles of Relations between the USSR and Japan, concluded in Beijing on January 20, 1925", "Organizational report of the Central Committee of the XIII Congress of the RCP (b) on May 23-31, 1924", "The Article from 1924. Daily Telegraph", "Portsmouth Peace Treaty between Russia and Japan, Article IX.".
The methodological basis of the study was the concepts of Russian historians, the work of leading Russian and foreign experts on this issue.
There are two content components in the work – descriptive-event and theoretical-analytical, which is preferred, since the study focuses on the development of the concept of the activities of Soviet Russia and Western countries.
During the research and presentation of the material, general scientific approaches were used to identify the main characteristics of the analyzed phenomena, as well as theoretical methods, methods of system analysis, structuring, observation and qualitative analysis.
The structure of the work
This course work consists of an introduction, two main chapters, each of which is divided from two to four paragraphs, a conclusion and a list of sources and literature used.
1. The Convention on the basic principles of relations between the USSR and Japan, concluded in Beijing on January 20, 1925 [Electronic resource] / / Collection of treaties and other documents on the history of international relations in the Far East. [M], 2016. - Access mode: http://www.vostlit.info, free (accessed 27.11.2016).
2. Organizational report of the Central Committee of the XIII Congress of the RCP (b) May 23-31, 1924 [Electronic resource] // Historical sources. [M], 2000. - Access mode: http://www.hrono.ru, free (accessed 25.11.2016).
3. The Article from 1924. [Electronic resource] // Daily Telegraph. [M]. – Mode of access: https://the.hitchcock.zone, free (date accessed 25.11.2016).
4. Portsmouth Peace Treaty between Russia and Japan, Article IX. [Electronic resource] // Historical sources. [M], 2000. - Access mode: http://www.hrono.ru, free (accessed 25..11.2016).
5. International recognition of Soviet Russia (USSR) 1917-1930. Edited by L. P. Belkovets, 2016.
6. History of diplomacy. In 3 volumes. Vol. 3. Diplomacy in the period of preparation for the Second World War (1919-1939) Ed. akad. V. P. Potemkina. - M.-L., 1945. Ch. 11.
7. History of diplomacy. 3. Diplomacy at the first stage of the general crisis of the capitalist system. Edited by A. A. Gromyko and others-M., 1965.
8. Belkovets L. P. Elimination of diplomatic isolation of the USSR. From de facto recognition to de jure recognition. / L. P. Belkovets //Eurasian Legal Journal. – 2016. – № 6(97). – Pp. 49-54.
Scientific literature in foreign languages:
9. Rec. on Thomas Millard. Conflict of policies in Asia. London. George Allen and Unwin. 1924 // International life. – 1925. – № 3. – C. 115.
10. History of foreign policy of the USSR 1917-1980. [Electronic resource] // Electronic library. – [M], 2006. - Access mode: http://society.polbu.ru/свободный (accessed: 27.11.2016) - Title from the screen.
11. Small Soviet Encyclopedia [Electronic resource] // Electronic library. – [M], 2011-2012. - Access mode: / / http://malayaencyklopediya.com, free (accessed: 25.11.2016) - Title from the screen.