Course work|History

Course Repressive policy of the Stalinist leadership in the 1930s

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Year: 2014 | Pages: 36

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Introduction
1. Repressions of the 30s – the tragedy of the Soviet state
1.1 General characteristics of Stalin's repressions
1.2. The scale of Stalin's repressions
2. Mass repressions of the 30s
2.1. The murder of S. M. Kirov as a reason to search for enemies of the Soviet government
2.2. Destruction of the military leadership of the Army and Navy
Conclusion
References
The 1930s will probably go down in history as the darkest years in the history of the USSR. This period of history will probably be studied for many years to come. So far, only one thing is clear – this nightmare should not happen again. And at the same time, too much is still not clear. But these years can not be discarded – they were, are and will be. And it is necessary to read documents, party, Soviet, on economic issues, public organizations, memoirs of former GULAG prisoners about those terrible years.
The second half of the 1930s saw the peak of pre-war mass repressions. It seems that the task was set: to remove from active work the representatives of the older generations who remembered the recent but glorious past, to erase the history that was undesirable for the Stalinist system, so that it could be rewritten anew. We should not forget that in the 1930s it was not possible to create a "monolithic" consciousness of the Soviet people. Although the Soviet mass media and propaganda, literary and artistic figures put a lot of work to fulfill the destinies of the leader of the Soviet people.
However, no matter how hard the party elite and cultural figures tried ,in society " there were more or less distinct groupings and intra-generational differences. In other words, like the social consciousness of other epochs and peoples, the consciousness of Soviet society in the 1920s and 30s, and even in the first post-war years, was a multidimensional, internally contradictory formation. "
The aim of the work is to study the repressive policy of the Stalinist leadership in the 1930s.
Tasks:
1. Give a general description of Stalin's repressions
2. Consider the scale of Stalin's repressions.
3. Analyze the murder of S. M. Kirov as a reason for searching for enemies of the Soviet government.
4. Study the destruction of the military leadership of the army and navy.

1. Repressions of the 30s – the tragedy of the Soviet state
1.1 General characteristics of Stalin's repressions
In the late 20s, the Shakhty process of old-regime and foreign engineers and technicians was held, provoked by the OGPU commissioner in the Caucasus, G. E. Evdokimov, and actively supported by I. V. Stalin.
Since 1930, in the field of economics and culture, there have been many closed courts or simply extrajudicial executions. So, in August 1930, a closed trial was held over a group of prominent bacteriologists accused of causing the death of horses; in September 1930, 48 leading food industry workers were accused without trial of spoiling food supplies; in February 1931, a number of major historians, including E. V. Tarle, S. F. Platonov, S. V. Bakhrushin, were secretly sentenced to long-term imprisonment; in March 1933, a number of 35 directors and responsible employees of state farms were shot and 40 imprisoned without trial, but on charges of belonging to a" counter-revolutionary wrecking organization"; in the same March 1933, 35 senior employees of the People's Commissariat of Land, together with the Deputy People's Commissar, were shot without trial.
But a full-fledged court performance took place in November-December 1930. This is the so-called process of the Industrial Party (Industrial Party), the central figure of which was Professor L. V. Ramzin. He was a Bolshevik back in 1905 and served honestly and selflessly to the Soviet government, but, as it was said at the trial, he went "on the lead of the class enemy" and became a "wrecker".
In March 1931, the Menshevik trial was held. With one single exception, all the Mensheviks who were put on trial had long since abandoned political activity and were employed as economists or in other professions. The court served as an excuse to implicate the old Bolshevik D. V. Ryazanov in the case and expel him from the party, allegedly for an impermissible connection with the Mensheviks. Then he was rehabilitated, to die in 1938 in the depths of Stalin's terror .
The last great show trial, which preceded the great terror, attracted particular attention from the West, because of the eighteen defendants, six were British citizens. It was a sensational process " specialists of the company "Metropolitan-Vicker" in April 1933. The task was the same-to prove that the British engineers organized a wrecking network.
In all these trials, the accused were held responsible for economic failures that otherwise would have been the responsibility of the Soviet government.
Especially increased repression in 1934, the signal of which was the murder in Leningrad in Smolny on December 1, 1934, a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU(b) and the Leningrad City Committee of the CPSU(b) S. M. Kirov. This murder can rightly be called the crime of the century. In the next four years, hundreds of Soviet citizens, including the most prominent political leaders, were shot as directly involved in the murder; literally thousands of people were killed as accomplices in some gigantic conspiracy that allegedly existed behind the scenes of the murder of Kirov. In fact, his death became the foundation of the entire gigantic edifice of terror and violence.

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