Course work|Sociology

Exchange rate Demographic situation in Russia: dynamics and problems

Structurally, the work consists according to the set goals and objectives.
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Authorship: Infostore

Year: 2015 | Pages: 18

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1. Introduction
2. General characteristics and dynamics of the population of the Russian Federation
3. Population density and location of the Russian Federation
4. Urban and rural population of the Russian Federation
5. Gender and age structure of the population of the Russian Federation
6. Current demographic situation in Russia
7. Conclusion
References:
Applications
The population is a complex set of people living within certain territories and operating in existing social formations. It is characterized by a system of interrelated indicators, such as the number and density of the population, its composition by gender and age, nationality, language, marital status, education, belonging to social groups and a number of others.
The study of the dynamics of these indicators in relation to the peculiarities of the socio-economic organization of society allows us to trace changes in the conditions and nature of population reproduction. These changes are determined by the laws of development of social formations.
Optimal population size is one of the most important conditions for the material social life of the society.
In the conditions of post-socialist society, people with their production experience and labor skills were considered only from the position of the main productive force, the creators of the material and spiritual benefits of society. The transition of the economy of the Russian Federation to market relations requires considering the population not only as an active participant in production and the main productive force of society, but also as the main consumer, completing the production process and reproducing the population itself.
The size of the population in a country or a particular region has a significant impact on their economic potential, on the development of the productive forces of society. However, there is no direct relationship between these concepts. Thus, states with a high level of economic development with a smaller population produce ten times more gross national product than states that exceed them in terms of population, but are inferior in technical equipment, labor productivity, and the level of qualification of the labor force. An example of this ratio is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and the Republic of Bangladesh. With half the population of the UK, the production of gross domestic product exceeds the corresponding figure of Bangladesh by almost eight times. There is a much greater correlation between the high population of regions, the availability of highly qualified personnel and the location of knowledge-intensive industries and industries that determine scientific and technological progress.
1. Aganbegyan A. G., Socio-economic development of Russia, Moscow, 2013
2. Andrianov V. D., Russia in the World economy, Moscow, 2011
3. Vavilova E. V., Economic Geography of Russia, Moscow, 1999
4. Gladkiy Yu. N., Economic Geography of Russia, Moscow, 2014
5. Grebtsova V. E., Economic and social geography, Moscow, 1997
6. Morozova T. G., Economic Geography of Russia, Moscow, 1999
7. Countries of the world, Handbook, Moscow, 2013
8. Economic geography of Russia, edited by, Vedenkina V. I., Moscow, 1999
9. Data of the State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation // www.gks.ru

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