Course work|History

Coursework Lipstick and land reform Russia

Authorship: Infostore

Year: 2016 | Pages: 28

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Introduction
1. Cap reform: the causes and nature
2. Zemstvo reform: causes and essence
3. Zemstvo Cathedrals
4. The results of the reforms
Conclusion
References
In the history of medieval Russia, perhaps, there was no such decade in which so many reforms were carried out as during the reign of Ivan the Terrible and the Elected Rada. Then there was intense, constant reformation activity. During the reign of Ivan the Terrible, the so-called gubernaya reform was completed, which was a reform of local government in the Russian state. The lip reform was aimed primarily against feeders and administrative arbitrariness. At the same time, it provided local governments with ample opportunities to resolve social conflicts.
In the same years, the zemstvo reform was carried out, which to a certain extent was a continuation and addition of the gubernia reform. It was introduced with the aim of eliminating "feedings" and introducing zemstvo self-government.
It is considered that the reforms of the Elected Rada were carried out in order to strengthen the social position of the noble class in contrast to the conservative boyars who are slowing down this process. V. B. Kobrin managed to prove that almost all layers of society were interested in strengthening the state. Therefore, the reforms were not carried out to please any one class and not against any class. Reforms meant the formation of a Russian class-representative state. At the same time, a reasonable balance in the distribution of power between a number of estates (Zemstvo councils), the government (the Elected Rada) and the tsar was implied and implemented in practice.
1. Alshits D. N. The beginning of autocracy in Russia: The State of Ivan the Terrible. L., 1988.
2. Zimin A. A., Khoroshkevich A. L. Russia of the time of Ivan the Terrible. Moscow, 1984.
3. History of state institutions in Russia. Ed. Markova M. A. M., 1996.
4. Klyuchevsky V. O. Course of Russian history. Op. in 9 volumes, vol. 2, Moscow, 1988
5. Klyuchevsky V. O. Course of Russian history. The electron source
6. Klyuchevsky V. O. On Russian History: [Collection] / Ed. by V. I. Buganov. Moscow, 1993
7. Kobrin V. B. Ivan the Terrible — - M., 1989
8. Kovalsky N. P., Schmidt O. S. The Russian state in the middle of the XVI century (archive of Ivan the Terrible). 1985. № 11.
9. Kostomarov N. I. Russian history in the lives of its main figures. Moscow, 1990.
10. Perevezennya SV. The meaning of Russian History. Moscow, 2014.
11. Platonov S. F. Lectures on Russian history. - Peter., 1993.
12. Pushkarev S. G. Review of Russian History. Moscow, 1991.
13. Sokolova E. V. Formation of class-representative institutions under Ivan IV. // Historical readings of the pedagogical Institute. Kolomna, 2014. S. 21-24.
14. Vernadsky G. V. Moskovskoe tsardom. Per. s engl. E. P. Berenshtein, B. L. Gubman, O. V. Stroganova. Tver, LEAN. 1997. Vol. 1.
15. Filyushkin A. M. Kurbsky // Questions of History. 1999. № 1.

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