1. Cap reform: the causes and nature
2. Zemstvo reform: causes and essence
3. Zemstvo Cathedrals
4. The results of the reforms
In the history of medieval Russia, perhaps, there was no such decade in which so many reforms were carried out as during the reign of Ivan the Terrible and the Elected Rada. Then there was intense, constant reformation activity. During the reign of Ivan the Terrible, the so-called gubernaya reform was completed, which was a reform of local government in the Russian state. The lip reform was aimed primarily against feeders and administrative arbitrariness. At the same time, it provided local governments with ample opportunities to resolve social conflicts.
In the same years, the zemstvo reform was carried out, which to a certain extent was a continuation and addition of the gubernia reform. It was introduced with the aim of eliminating "feedings" and introducing zemstvo self-government.
It is considered that the reforms of the Elected Rada were carried out in order to strengthen the social position of the noble class in contrast to the conservative boyars who are slowing down this process. V. B. Kobrin managed to prove that almost all layers of society were interested in strengthening the state. Therefore, the reforms were not carried out to please any one class and not against any class. Reforms meant the formation of a Russian class-representative state. At the same time, a reasonable balance in the distribution of power between a number of estates (Zemstvo councils), the government (the Elected Rada) and the tsar was implied and implemented in practice.
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