Abstract|Public service

Abstract The system of public service in the Russian Federation

Authorship: Infostore

Year: 2015 | Pages: 21

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Introduction
1. The concept and principles of public service
2. Public service as an institution of public administration
3. Types of public service
Conclusion
References
The system of public service in the Russian Federation.
Currently, the Federal Law "On the Public Service System of the Russian Federation" regulates the issues of public service by citizens of the Russian Federation, which defines the legal and organizational foundations of the public service system of the Russian Federation, including the management system of this service.
State Service of the Russian Federation - this is a professional office activity of citizens of the Russian Federation on provision of execution of powers: the Russian Federation, Federal bodies of state power, other Federal state bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of state power of subjects of the Russian Federation, other state bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as persons occupying positions established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Federal laws for direct execution of powers of Federal public authorities, and persons occupying positions established by the Constitution, statutes, laws of subjects of the Russian Federation for direct execution of powers of state authorities of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
The purpose of the work is to analyze the system of public service in the Russian Federation.
Tasks:
1) give the concept and consider the principles of public service;
2) consider the civil service as an institution of public administration;
3) analyze the types of public service.

3. Types of public service
The State service of the Russian Federation consists of the federal state service and the state service of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. This division of the civil service into types determines the existence of two types of legislation regulating public-service relations. The civil service legislation consists of the Federal Constitution, the Federal law "About public service of the Russian Federation" , Federal law "On state civil service of the Russian Federation" , numerous normative legal acts, as well as constitutions, charters, laws and other normative legal acts of subjects of Federation.
The Constitution of the Russian Federation plays a fundamentally important role in the legal regulation of the civil service. In particular, it defines the competence of the President, the Federation Council and the State Duma to appoint and dismiss civil servants. It also contains some other provisions concerning the selection and placement of senior personnel of State bodies.
The public service system includes the following types of public service:
1. state civil service;
2. military service;
3. law enforcement service.
The State civil service is divided into the federal State civil service and the state civil service of the subject of the Russian Federation.
Military service and law enforcement service are types of federal public service (Article 2 of the Federal Law).
Military service is the Federal public service representing professional office activity of citizens on military posts or not on military posts in cases and on terms stipulated by Federal laws and (or) normative legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation, in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, other armies, military (special) formations and the bodies performing functions on provision of defence and state security. Such citizens are assigned military ranks (Article 6 of the Federal Law).
The law singled out the law enforcement service as a special type of public service, not only established the characteristics of the law enforcement service and introduced the related concept of law enforcement service positions, but also provided for the need to adopt a federal law on the corresponding type of public service.
Law enforcement service is understood as professional service activities of citizens in the positions of law enforcement service in state bodies, services and institutions that perform functions to ensure security, law and order, to combat crime, to protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen. It should be noted that the distinctive feature of the law enforcement service is the performance of law enforcement functions in the relevant law enforcement positions.
The Law quite clearly carries out the idea of professional public service (professional service activity) for the main part of officials and encourages long-term stay in the public service with increasing service experience and consistent assignment of special official ranks that consolidate the position of the employee in the hierarchy. At the same time, the introduction of class ranks for civil servants instead of qualification categories revives the very concept of "official" in its neutral and formal meaning.
In accordance with the Federal law "On state civil service of the Russian Federation" the state posts of the Russian Federation and the state posts of constituent entities of the Russian is positions established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Federal laws for direct execution of powers of Federal public authorities, and positions established by the constitutions (charters), laws of subjects of the Russian Federation for direct execution of powers of state authorities of constituent entities of the Russian Federation (article 1 of Federal law).
Civil service positions are divided into federal civil service positions, military positions, and law enforcement service positions. Civil service positions may be established by a federal law or other regulatory legal act of the Russian Federation, a law or other regulatory legal act of a subject of the Russian Federation in order to ensure not only the powers of state bodies, but also directly the functions and powers of the Russian Federation and the subjects of the Russian Federation.
1. Constitution of the Russian Federation of 12.12.1993. Rossiyskaya Gazeta, No. 237, 25.12.1993.
2. Federal Law No. 58-FZ of May 27, 2003 "On the System of Public Service of the Russian Federation "(as amended on November 11, 2003, July 6, 2006).
3. Federal Law No. 79-FZ of July 27, 2004 "On the State Civil Service of the Russian Federation "(as amended on February 2, 2006, March 2, April 12, 2007). - NWRF. 2004. N 31.Article 3215.
4. Federal Law No. 53-FZ of March 28, 1998 "On Military Duty and Military Service "(as amended on July 24, 2007).
5. Federal Law No. 154-FZ of December 5, 2005 "On the State Service of the Russian Cossacks". - NW OF the Russian Federation. 2005. N 50. article 5245.
6. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 32 of January 11, 1995 "On State Positions of the Russian Federation"//NW OF the Russian Federation. 1995. N 3. Article 173.
7. Alyokhin A. P., Karmalitsky A. A., Kozlov Yu. M. Administrative law of the Russian Federation. Moscow, 2006. p. 295.
8. Grishkovets A. A. Problems of legal regulation and organization of the state civil service in the Russian Federation: Author's abstract. ... doctor. the faculty of law. Moscow, 2011.
9. Zvonenko D. P., Malumov A. Yu., Malumov G. Yu. Administrative law: Textbook. - "Justicinform", 2007.
10. Comment to the Federal Law "On the State Civil service of the Russian Federation" / Edited by V. A. Kozbanenko. M., 2012. p. 126.
11. Melnikov V. P., Nechiporenko V. S. State service in Russia: domestic experience of organization and modernity. Moscow, 2011. p. 302.
12. Savchenko S. D. System of public service of the Russian Federation: Problems of reform and development / Official, 2009, No. 1 (29).
13. Cherepanov V. V. Fundamentals of public service and personnel policy. Moscow, 2012. p. 93.

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