Course work|History

Course Specifics of the social and state system of the Novgorod and Pskov feudal Republics

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Authorship: Infostore

Year: 2015 | Pages: 33

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Introduction

1. Administrative division of the Novgorod and Pskov Feudal Republics

2. The social system of the Novgorod and Pskov feudal Republics

3. State administration bodies of the Novgorod and Pskov feudal Republics

Conclusion

References

The history of the Novgorod and Pskov republics during the period of feudal fragmentation occupies a special page in the history of Russia. It is with them that many controversial issues in Russian historiography are connected. The internal political structure of the Novgorod and Pskov republics attracted particular attention of researchers. If in the main territory of the country during the period of state fragmentation of Russia, the foundations of authoritarian state power were laid, then in Novgorod and Pskov, trends towards democracy prevailed. There has developed a different political culture, different value orientations of the population, different from the tradition of a strong central government and the collective values of Moscow Russia. Only in the Novgorod and Pskov lands there was a special form of government-the republic. The established elected bodies of power and administration existed there until the XV century. According to some researchers, the specific-veche principle of political structure was an alternative way of development for all Russian lands, which, for various reasons, aspired to the one-power principle of statehood. The specific Veche origin of the federation did not stand and a huge state emerged.

The history of the Novgorod and Pskov republics shows that Russia has at least three and a half centuries of experience in building a democratic state. Of course, no one in the Middle Ages did not talk about human rights and freedom of speech, but the basic principle, imprinted in the very name of democracy (democracy), was decisive in the Novgorod and Pskov state system.

The experience of the history of the Novgorod and Pskov republics is important for modern Russia for its traditions of democratic self-government, integration into the European economy, the first centers of literacy, and ancient traditions of high spiritual and material culture. All these achievements of Novgorod and Pskov should become fruitful material for creative understanding of the historical path of Russia and search for ways of its better future.

The purpose of this work is to analyze the state system of the Novgorod and Pskov feudal republics. To achieve this goal, you need to solve the following tasks::

- to consider the features of the administrative division of the Novgorod and Pskov republics

- to reveal the features of the social system of the Novgorod and Pskov republics

- describe the state administration bodies of the Novgorod and Pskov feudal republics.

  1. Alekseyev Yu. G. Pskov Court Charter and its time: the development of feudal relations in Russia in the XIV-XV centuries. Moscow, 2005;
  2. Alyokhin E. V. History of state and municipal administration in Russia: A textbook. - Penza: Penza State University, 2007;
  3. Belyaev I. D. History of Russian legislation: Proc. for students enrolled in the faculty of law. spec. / Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. S.-Petersburg. Un-T.-St. Petersburg: Lan, 2006;
  4. Danilov A. A. History of Russia from ancient times to the present day in questions and answers. - Moscow: Prospect, 2013;
  5. Isaev I. A. History of State and Law of Russia Textbook. - M, 2007;
  6. Isaev I. A. History of the state and Law of Russia. Russian principalities in the conditions of political fragmentation. - M, 2006;
  7. Krasilnikova T. K. History of the State and Law of Russia. - Volgograd, 2007;
  8. Kolotilova S. I. Pskov feudal Republic / / Pskov Krai in the History of Russia-Pskov, 2006;
  9. Martyshin O. V. Volny Novgorod. Socio-political system and law of the feudal Republic. - M.: Russian Law, 2002;
  10. Orlov A. S., Georgiev V. A., Georgieva N. G., Sivokhina T. A.. History of Russia. Textbook. - M.: "Prospect", 2007;
  11. Petrov A.V. From paganism to Holy Russia. Novgorod strife (to the study of the Old Russian Veche way of life). St. Petersburg, 2003;
  12. Polyak G. B., Markova A. N. Istoriya Rossii. Izd. 3-e, pererab. Moscow: Unity-Dana, 2013;
  13. Protsenko Yu. L. State and Law of Russia in the period of feudal fragmentation (XII-XV centuries).-Publishing House of Volgograd State University, 2007;
  14. Protsenko Yu. L. Old Russian State and Law. - Volgograd, 2006;
  15. Puzanov V. V. Narod i vlast v gorod - gosudarstv Drevnoi Rus ' [People and Power in the City-states of Ancient Russia]. People and Power: A textbook for universities. - St. Petersburg, 2005;
  16. Falaleeva I. N. Political and legal system of Ancient Russia of IX-XI century - Volgograd: Publishing house volgu, 2007;
  17. Chistyakov O. I.. History of the Russian state and law. Novgorod and Pskov Feudal Republics, 2007;
  18. Yanin V. L. the Novgorod posadniks. 2nd ed., reprint. and additional M., 2003;

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